Festivals and carnivals – Loving heart
The Italians are a very resilient nation, they love the holidays and fun, so in Italy the many official and unofficial holidays, some of them last for weeks.
March-April – Easter (moveable holiday, as in other religions);
April 25 – Day of liberation from fascism;
1 may – labour day;
the first Sunday of June – the Day of proclamation of the Republic;
August 15th is the assumption of the virgin;
November 1 – All Saints Day;
December 8 – Insulana (Day Of The Virgin Mary);
25 December – Christmas day;
26 December – St. Stephen’s Day (the patron Saint of Italy).
In addition, in many regions and cities, there are many local holidays, including the days of the patron saints of cities (these days most of the working population is resting). For Christmas and New year, and in July and August, in the so-called period “holiday” (ferra-gosto), many companies and institutions also shall cease operations and close for the holidays. And of course, it is necessary to tell separately about the Italian carnivals. If you are lucky at least once to experience this amazing, captivating and fun atmosphere, the bright, unforgettable impressions are provided to you for a long time!
The carnival of Putignano
Ancient origins of carnivals lie in multi-day ancient mysteries dedicated to Dionysus (other names of this ancient Greek deity Bacchus, Bacchus), son of Zeus, and the ancient Roman Saturnalia. Of course, with the advent of Christianity, Dionysus and the Saturnalia was transformed and eventually turned into carnivals. The carnival of Putignano is primarily known for the fact that he is one of the oldest and the longest in Europe – all entertainment events lasting a total of about one and a half months. The carnival begins on December 26 with the ritual of handing huge candles, which the President of the Carnival Committee reports to the President of the Committee of St. Stephen, the patron Saint of Putignano. This act symbolizes the reverence that carnival authorities of the Church. The organizers of the festival would like to apologize in advance for all the incredible riot, which will be in next month and a half. Still! If you look at the huge candle, parallel with the mysteries of Dionysus become apparent.
The main symbol of the carnival – the harlequin Farinella in white traditional green suit (the official colors of the city, symbolizing peace between a cat and a dog – a symbol of the city). One of the most colorful events local “farewell meat” (the literal translation of the word “carnival”) is the parade moving allegorical cars “Korea Maserati” that have a huge funny and sometimes ironic compositions, often dedicated to some pressing national manifestations of life, or just a fun bright scenes. Thus everywhere the bright colors, music, singing, dancing and fireworks.
Before the ritual event of the carnival was the so-called “Londonder” (“Rumble”). Early in the morning on Fat Tuesday (the day before lent) people at the signal started at the same time banging on pots, basins, pans and play various musical instruments. Their main goal was to create a deafening noise that would remove from the city all the evil and trouble. “Rumble” was the most fun day of the carnival, people forgot about the troubles, social status, financial problems and just unbridled fun, so that it is with regrets in the subsequent long period of fasting. Unfortunately, in the middle of the twentieth century, the inflow of foreign tourists who are not familiar with local traditions, led to the disappearance of this custom. Well, popularity is always their costs!
But today, according to tradition, the carnival ends with a humorous theatrical funeral procession, mourning the master of the Carnival. Faces “mourn” hidden mournful masks, they are loud “moan and weep”. The “grieving” widow of Carnival, which “crying” and at the same time praises the extraordinary dignity of the deceased husband. She is accompanied by harlequins, who howl and accompany it. On the main square Putignano widow accepts condolences from the highest officials of the City Council, after which the symbolic burning of puppets – master of the Carnival. And then you can become a direct participant in a stormy evening and night of fun.
During the carnival in Putignano is a huge number
a variety of parades, marches, festivals, competitions,
Carnival in Venice
Venice – one of this title dizzy. Incredibly beautiful, sophisticated, mysterious and seductive, that has been for many centuries the Venetian carnival is a card of Italy, the subject of unprecedented pride and love.
This annual carnival, known as the ” Ten days of great magic “, held in mid-February. Any carnival is the fun and freedom that is unavailable to most throughout the year, and the carnival in Venice is a fantastic show, the real magic. People do change at this time. Only these days on the street you can find in a hurry, businessman, wrapped in a wide-brimmed black cloak with a white mask on her face. It is a white mask and black wide cloak “tabarro” in combination with a silk black robe “bout” and the triangular hat “Tricorne” of the same color are traditional antique Venetian carnival attire. Along with this costume is extremely popular characters of the Commedia Dell’arte (commedia dell’arte – old theatrical genre that existed in Italy in the XVI-XVII centuries): Pierrot, Columbine, harlequin, Pantalone (known to us). Also love carnival participants enjoyed the images of kings and Queens, knights and fair ladies, the Moors, Amazons, astrologers, magicians.
Of course, you can join this amazing swirl of reincarnation and become part of the carnival. Traditional costumes and accessories in Venice are sold everywhere, and become a harlequin or Columbine can be a few minutes. But some people are preparing for the carnival in advance, they come up with and sew the costumes themselves or to order (sometimes at a good price!). Something unprecedented, not similar to anyone, but it is very beautiful and elegant is always welcome here. During the carnival of Venice is filled magicians, jugglers, fire-breathing fakirs, sagapolutele, various mimes, clowns, fearless acrobats, snake charmers and people gutta-percha. At this time there encouraged any surge of creative energy. And if someone of you will want to put on a show for the public, it is not forbidden, for these purposes a city square.
In addition, these days many excellent Palazzi of Venice opens its doors for a noisy, fun and masquerades. Some of the entrance is free, and for others, “closed balls” – there are special invitations.
And of course, Venice is unthinkable without its beautiful canals, gondolas and gondoliers (gondola – odnowiciela long flat-bottomed boat with a raised bow and stern). In the days of the carnival movement in the channels is bustling, and the gondolas are decorated with flowers and silk ribbons.
And I must say that many gondoliers still have not forgotten the art of the Italian Bel Canto (bel canto – literally, beautiful singing), which during the walk and they are in a hurry to show off to tourists.
Of course, every carnival in Venice is truly unique and is a world heritage of history, culture and art, as well as the city itself.